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Over time, the movement of the big toe angles in toward the other toes, sometimes overlapping a third toe (known as Hallux Valgus). The growing enlargement or protuberance then causes more irritation or inflammation. In some cases, the big toe moves toward the second toe and rotates or twists, which is known as Hallus Abducto Valgus. Bunions can also lead to other toe deformities, such as hammertoe.
Idaho Foot & Ankle Center offers Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction Surgery
Causes of Bunions
Wearing shoes that are too tight is the leading cause of bunions. Bunions are not hereditary, but they do tend to run in families, usually because of a faulty foot structure. Foot injuries, neuromuscular problems, flat feet, and pronated feet can contribute to their formation. It is estimated that bunions occur in 33 percent of the population in Western countries.
Symptoms of Bunions
The following are symptoms that most people experience with Bunions:
Discomfort and Pain
- Discomfort and pain from the constant irritation, rubbing, and friction of the enlargement against shoes.
Red & Tender
- The skin over the toe becomes red and tender.
Hurts to Walk
- Because this joint flexes with every step, the bigger the bunion gets, the more it hurts to walk.
- Over time, bursitis or arthritis may set in, the skin on the bottom of the foot may become thicker, and everyday walking may become difficult—all contributing to chronic pain.
Treatments for Bunions
Because they are bone deformities, bunions do not resolve by themselves. The goal for bunion treatment is twofold: first, to relieve the pressure and pain caused by irritations, and second to stop any progressive growth of the enlargement. Commonly used methods for reducing pressure and pain caused by bunions include:
- Protective padding, often made from felt material, to eliminate the friction against shoes and help alleviate inflammation and skin problems.
- Removal of corns and calluses on the foot.
- Changing to carefully fitted footwear designed to accommodate the bunion and not contribute toward its growth.
- Orthotic devices—both over-the-counter and custom made—to help stabilize the joint and place the foot in the correct position for walking and standing.
- Exercises to maintain joint mobility and prevent stiffness or arthritis.
- Splints for nighttime wear to help the toes and joint align properly. This is often recommended for adolescents with bunions, because their bone development may still be adaptable
Idaho Foot & Ankle Center
IDAHO FALLS OFFICE
1540 Elk Creek Dr. Idaho Falls, ID 83404
MON 8AM-5PM | TUES 7AM-3PM
WED-THURS 8AM-5PM | FRI 8AM-12PM
393 E 2nd N
Rexburg, ID 83440